1.7 – Possessive Pronouns

1.7 – Possessive Pronouns

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1.7 – Possessive Pronouns
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1.7 – Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are words that mean ‘his’, ‘my’, ‘their’, etc. They are ways of showing possession.In Czech there are different forms of these words depending on the gender of the noun that follows them. You will have to learn the forms of these words and keep in mind the gender of the noun they go with when trying to decide which form to use.

ma. / mi.

f.

n.

‘my, mine’

můj

moje

moje

‘your, yours’

tvůj

tvoje

tvoje

‘his’

jeho (all genders)

‘her, hers’

její (all genders)

‘our, ours’’

náš

naše

naše

‘your (plural or formal)’

váš

vaše

vaše

‘their, theirs’

jejich (all genders)

For example, if you want to say ‘my friend’, you will say můj kamarád. In this instance, the form můj is used because the word kamarád in Czech is masculine. On the other hand, if you were talking about a female friend, then it would be moje kamarádka ‘my friend’ since the word kamarádka is feminine. If you wanted to say ‘my car, then it would be moje auto, since the word auto is neuter.

To je můj kamarád.

This is my friend.

To je moje kamarádka.

This is my friend.

To je moje auto.

This is my car.

One thing you might have noticed is that the forms jeho, její, and jejich don’t change depending on the gender of the noun that follows. You can learn this as a general rule[1].

 

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[1] The forms jeho and jejich never change, while její will only change very occasionally (it is technically a soft-adjective in form). We will cover this in more detail when it becomes relevant.