8.6 – Future Tense of Imperfective Verbs

8.6 – Future Tense of Imperfective Verbs

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8.6 – Future Tense of Imperfective Verbs
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8.6 – Future Tense of Imperfective Verbs

In this lesson we will learn how to conjugate imperfective verbs in the future tense. We will ultimately learn to put perfective verbs in the future as well (they form their future tenses differently) and we will focus on the differences between them.

So, what will it mean to put an imperfective verb in the future tense?

Remember – the imperfective focuses on the activity itself, and not the act as a completed whole. We can think of imperfective verbs as a sort of unbounded activity like this line on the right:

So if you talking about something in the future that is just going to be a general activity or something that you will frequently/regularly do, then the imperfective future will come in handy.

In general, this is pretty simple provided you know the forms of the verb být in the future tense:













Imperfective Future:

budu, budeš…  infinitive

The future tense of imperfective verbs is formed by simply taking the conjugated forms budu, budeš… and combining them with the infinitive of an imperfective verb, e.g. –

Budu zpívat.

‘I will sing.’

Budeme tančit.

‘We will dance.’

In many instances, the forms budu, budeš… can be separated from the infinitive. Czech word order is rather free in this regard:

V sobotu budu spát celý den.

‘On Saturday I’m going to sleep all day.’

Zítra Sára a Bedřich budou uklízet byt.

‘Sára and Bedřich will clean their apartment.’

(i.e. work on cleaning — since it is imperfective, this sentence does not specify whether it will be completed)

Příští týden Lenka bude vstávat každý den v sedm hodin.

Next week Lenka is going to get up every day at 7 o’clock.

Also note how the infinitive will frequently not be right next to the forms of budu, budeš…

Kde bude Tomáš bydlet?

Where will Tomáš live?

Budu trochu pracovat.

I will work a little.

Negating the Future Tense

To say you will not do something, simply negate budu, budeš… and follow with the infinitive:

Dnes večer nebudu pracovat.

‘This evening I am not going to work.’

Bolí mě noha, a tak nebudu běhat.

‘My leg hurts and so I’m not going to run.’

One More Note on Negation – Comparison with Past Tense

Negation in Past Tense is on l-form

 (i.e. nepracoval, nevařila, neuklízeli)

Negation in Future is on budu

(i.e. nebudu, nebudeš…)

Nepracoval jsem.

I didn’t work.

Proč jsi nevařila?

Why weren’t cooking?

Neuklízeli jsme.

We weren’t cleaning.

Nebudu pracovat.

I didn’t work.

Proč nebudeš vařit?

Why won’t you be cooking?

Nebudeme uklízet.

We won’t be cleaning.

Images used in this document come from these sources.